Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha. The tradition is more than thousand years old. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, meaning canvas, and chitra, meaning picture. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colorful application, creative motifs and designs, mostly mythological in depiction.
Traditionally, Odisha craftsmen created Bandhas with images of flora or fauna or with geometrical patterns. Bandha fabric is created using a tie-dye technique. The yarns are tied according to the desired patterns to prevent absorption of dyes, and then dyed. The yarns or set of yarns so produced is called 'Bandha'. Thus Bandha can be defined as "A length of systematically arranged yarn, dyed according to a preconceived design in such a manner so as to enable a weaver to portray the design when the yarn is converted to a fabric through the process of weaving".
Odisha Ikat is a kind of ikat, a resist dyeing technique, originating from Indian state of Odisha. Also known as "Bandha of Odisha". Bandha can be defined as "A length of systematically arranged yarn, dyed according to a preconceived design in such a manner so as to enable a weaver to portray the design when the yarn is converted to a fabric through the process of weaving". Another notable feature in this Ikat is that it depicts the same colourful design motif on both its front and back sides. No additional yarn is required to produce this effect.
Double ikat is created by resist-dyeing both the warp and weft prior to weaving. The term double ikat is used only when the warp and weft patterning overlap to form common, identical motifs. This form of weaving requires the most skill for precise patterns to be woven and is considered the premiere form of ikat. The amount of labour and skill required also make it the most expensive.
Embroidery is the craft of decorating fabric or other materials using a needle to apply thread or yarn. Some of the basic techniques or stitches of the earliest embroidery are chain stitch, buttonhole or blanket stitch, running stitch, satin stitch, cross stitch. Those stitches remain the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery today.
The village of Pipili(state Odisha, Country India)is well known for its applique or patchwork. The Pipli Applique work owes its origin to Lord Jagannath culture during 12th century. Earlier applique umbrellas and canopies were prepared by gajapatis for the annual Jagannath's Ratha Jatra. In applique technique, fabric shape is sewn over a base layer.
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